How to remember what you have read after studying: Often times, students do not find it difficult to read their books but trying to remember what they read. In recent times, only about 35% of students has been able to overcome the problem of reading and forgetting what they read by knowing what works for them. This does not also mean that those who can’t remember are lazy or weak. In fact, it is natural to read and not remember if the right technique is not employed and only few students know how to do that.
In this article, i will be showing you how to read and remember what you have read using the natural law of remembering (SQ4R method). I came across this wonderful technique while reading a book by Silversus O. Ogbewey, and I thought it will be wonderful to share it every student and Scholars who are finding it difficult to read and remember fast. Trust me; you are definitely not going to regret this one.
Table of Content
How to read and remember using the SQ4R method
Before we move to the crux of this work, let me briefly explain the SQ4R law of remembering after studying.
SQ4R is the abbreviation for Periodic Note Survey, Question, Read, Review, Recite and Record. In short, this law is try to say that, one of the ways to remember what you have read is to;
1. Critically SURVEY your book after reading
2. Ask yourself QUESTIONS that relates to what you have read
3. READ again to answer the questions you were able to ask yourself
4. REVIEW the chapters of the book again without opening it
5. RECITE what you read again and again, until it sinks into your brain
6. RECORD what you have learned by writing it down in your note book.
This is just a brief explanation of the SQ4R law of remembering. But as we continue, i will discuss each of the above points in details. Let’s get going!
1. Periodic note survey
This involves using your physical and mind eyes to creatively visualized, survey and skim through headings and sub-headings wisely to get the general idea of the contents and scope of the material to be read. The eye impression sticks and its one of the sense organs, that has a direct link of 60% occurring area of the brain. But it is unfortunate that “an average man’s brain” does not observe, a thousandth part of what the eye observes. This is due to poor power of retention of the brain.
Studies have shown that, the most common form of memory loss, occur through natural ageing. Then you become worse, at encoding and retrieving new information particularly, the arbitrary information such as people’s names. Notwithstanding, one way to battle this brain drain of memory loss, is by recruiting help from your sense of sight, which does not depreciate with age.
And this is one of the reasons, you remember a man’s face easily than his name. Besides, research has revealed that, the nerves that lead from the eye to the brain are 25 times larger than those leading from the ear to the brain, and 80% of the sensory information your brain receive comes from the eyes.
Obviously, the sense of sight has the highest photographic power to the brain, than other sense organ of the body. While the mind eye, is that part that is linked directly to the subconscious mind which is used by genius for collection of ideas from the infinite intelligence or supernatural for creativity. Finally, as, a student who is aspiring for academic success, you have to develop and utilize your sense of sight of both the physical and mind eye to build your IQ and brainpower.
Besides, this can be achieved by relaxation, eating a moderate and balanced diet, reading the label of a spinney object, and admiring the beauty of nature, such as vegetation etc. If possible, look at a rotating object and write your name on it, in a static order.
This exercise, help to improve your photographic memory. Besides, you only remember things you can see, and understand things you can hear.
Due to this fact, on the day of your examination, research has shown that all you are going write down on paper as answers, 60% of it will come from your sense of sight, while 40% of at will be from your brain memory of head. Remember, every man’s IQ depreciate with age or time, but the sense of sight does not, use it to the best in your class. Survey also means underlining and highlighting the important points as you read through your work.
Also read: Best time to read and understand effectively
This involves brainstorming yourself or class by asking useful creative questions mentally and orally. It is also being inquisitive and the periodic review of what you have read. Asking yourself likely examination questions mentally or orally. This is third powerful and proven way, to increase your control in any situation or problem, be it academic or not. By asking yourself likely exam questions, you increase your control in any situation or problem, be it academic or not.
With this acquired knowledge, you gain control over the situation and increase your likelihood of getting what you want, whether in the direction of an appointment or institutions on what to study for, in an upcoming examination. You can also improve your brainpower, by gaining acquaintance with the main ideas of your text or what you are studying, by formulating creative and constructive questions mentally or orally, thus jotting them down on a piece of paper, in anticipation of the author’s answers, for later references.
And for your memory system to be efficient, always ask yourself creative and constructive questions, that are inspiring and motivating mentally or orally in connection with what you are studying, use past questions to study and always ask questions in the class thus, you won’t forget.
Now read the segment about which you asked the question about. Read with purpose, to answer the question you formulated.
Recite means “say aloud” Thus, you should speak out loud (or softly) the answer to the principal questions about the segment and any other man points, Remember, it is only the thing you recite, you understand.
Review the entire chapter by repeating question. After you have read the chapter, go back through it and review the main points, then, without looking at the book, test your memory by repeating the question.
This involves note making (I.e developing your lecture note with your pen) during independent and extensive studies. Not note taking during lectures.
In conclusion, the tendency of any student to be an academic genius or guru is dependent on his or ability to periodically survey review, read, recite and record lecture notes mentally or orally to himself/herself or to a friend, that same day of lectures.
A study of Cornell University students revealed, an interesting secret of the top performing students with a GPA 3.7 and and above, all had one thing in common. They do survey, recite, revise, read and record their notes within 5 or 4 hours after lectures of that same day or before going to bed. How often to you do these? It has been proven times without number that we retain 10% of what we read and 60% of what we see and 30% of what we hear.
However, studies has shown that within 24 hours we can forget 20% of what we have studied, particularly when we don’t use the SQ4R law of remembering in what we have been taught in the class that same day. Obviously, students who practice this law to review their notes after lectures, that same day retain 80% of what they have been taught and are going to have better grades than students who failed to apply it.
Hope this article was helpful? Kindly let me know what you think about the SQ4R law of remembering.
Edeh Samuel Chukwuemeka ChMC, is a Law Student and a Certified Mediator/Conciliator in Nigeria. He is also a Developer with knowledge in HTML, CSS, JS, PHP and React Native. Samuel is bent on changing the legal profession by building Web and Mobile Apps that will make legal research a lot easier.