Advantages And Disadvantages Of Working In A Team: Working cooperatively and collaboratively on a given job with two or more persons is known as teamwork. It may be a professional project, a marriage, or figuring out how to go to the movie theater. Humans are more complex than this fundamental description suggests, as anybody who has ever tried to form a team would attest. People desire a sense of worth for their contributions. To better themselves and others, they desire to impart their knowledge, ideas, and experiences. Even while the job is still collaborative, if there are no chances to offer these alternatives, people will feel excluded.
Teams of any size can be stronger when people work together than when they work alone because of the range of experiences that can be brought to the table. Additionally, there are certain drawbacks that may be seen when individuals get together to work. A thorough examination of the benefits and drawbacks of collaboration can therefore be helpful.
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Advantages (merits) of Team Work
1. A huge project can be divided up into smaller jobs by teams: Instead of forcing one individual to try to handle everything, teams may take on enormous projects by splitting up the work into smaller pieces. A collaborative effort enables you to do more in less time if you have a lengthy list of activities that must be completed and strict deadlines.
You have 50 chores to accomplish, as you may imagine. One employee will be in charge of all 50 goods if there is just one available. Five tasks would be sufficient for each employee to complete the project if a team of ten employees were working on it.
2. Teams provide people the chance to think: When given the option to work together, individuals may take a multifaceted approach to problems or obstacles that arise throughout a project or task.
You have the possibility to find innovative answers to complex problems by brainstorming with people who come from different backgrounds, opinions, and values. This advantage makes it easier to decide what to do next when a difficulty develops so that you can succeed as effectively as possible.
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3. It provides a platform for dialogue: When teams have regular opportunity to communicate with one another, they are most successful. Working in groups gives a natural platform for ideas to be exchanged with everyone. This benefit allows the team additional time to review input, talk about progress, and find obstacles so that production continues.
It is considerably simpler for a group to fulfill deadlines or provide extra assistance as needed if they commit to a robust communication approach.
4. Increased individual accountability is fostered via teamwork: Employees may keep each other on target by working in teams, which helps to develop a process. Each participant holds themselves and their teammates accountable to the project, allowing a manager or supervisor to concentrate on their own responsibilities.
This advantage may be promoted in a variety of ways, such through shared spreadsheets, collaborative papers, or regular meetings that demand progress updates. While some people will always endeavor to take advantage of a team to get lost and perform less work, it reduces the likelihood that people would slack off.
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5. It establishes a framework where mentoring is promoted: Through teamwork, you may set up a structure where new hires can be connected with seasoned ones to create mentorship possibilities. This advantage gives opportunities for everyone to lead and provide direction rather than making them go through training sessions or immediately tasked with tasks. People can learn from and imitate their superiors or elders, which inspires confidence in learning new talents.
This benefit includes possibilities for reverse mentoring. Many new hires have access to technology and concepts that older workers might not. The other individual demonstrates how the world is changing as one person shares their experience. Everyone gains increased strength as a result.
6. You can identify your personal strengths and limitations in a team environment: People may facilitate moments of self-reflection for both themselves and others when they are given the chance to work in groups. This rise in awareness can aid individuals in identifying their own leadership potential, unearthing hidden assets, or starting to address any flaws in order to improve problem-solving abilities.
When teams routinely get together to assess themselves and their teammates in safe, productive contexts, there may be enormous potential for growth.
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Disadvantages (demerits) of Team Work
1. The discourse is frequently dominated by certain characters: Even while every team may benefit from having strong leaders, certain team members may have dominant personalities that overpower conversations and situations. When this dynamic exists in a team, it might be difficult for other team members to offer criticism or voice their ideas.
It’s a drawback that eventually results in problems with team cohesiveness and cooperation, decreasing opportunities for productivity rather than increasing them.
2. Teams may not always distribute labor equitably: When tasks and duties are distributed equally among the group members, group work is beneficial. Productivity levels can significantly increase if each worker can concentrate on activities that play to their strengths. When there is an unequal division of labor within a team, it may appear that the person doing the most work and the one doing the least work are treated equally.
The cohesiveness and goal of the team may suffer if everyone receives equal credit while just a small number of people are in charge of all the duties.
Due to the fact that they perform the bulk of the labor the most of the time, this disadvantage can also cause some employees to feel exploited. Because they believe they are being held to a different standard, top achievers may decide to quit.
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3. Schedule problems might arise during teamwork: Even with the tremendous technology available to us today to help teams, finding a time when everyone can attend a particular meeting can be difficult.
It is crucial to assess the value of assigning duties to each member of the group vs the difficulties of organizing the group activity. Due to the possibility that one team member’s responsibilities may run on a different schedule from those of the other team members, you may even experience problems with task management.
4. Some people might think their contributions are unnecessary: It doesn’t matter if the emotion is real or only perceived to be such. Someone’s contributions will feel underappreciated if they feel unwelcome by their team. They could cease fostering innovation or presenting ideas because of this problem, even if their recommendations might be the finest of the group.
The team as a whole might thus suffer from a lack of innovation, resulting in subpar work that might be rejected once delivered. Low morale, diminished passion, and a shift in focus from the group as a whole to working for oneself can all result from this problem.
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5. The workplace becomes more competitive as a result: People’s inherent competitiveness will emerge forcefully when they are put together on the same team. When competitors are pitted against one another in healthy ways, it can boost each person’s drive.
The group’s work may drastically deteriorate in quality if this problem becomes their main concern.
When group competition reaches harmful heights, it could be preferable to work alone rather than with others.
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When a group adopts certain organizational strategies, they can achieve greater degrees of success in their teamwork. It starts when you take into account the personalities and working preferences of the team members. You may foster more moments of cohesion by grouping individuals with comparable schedules and working methods. Giving team members a position can assist to avoid problems with renegade personalities or leadership hopping. Ensure that each team member has a position that corresponds to their unique responsibilities.
Edeh Samuel Chukwuemeka ACMC, is a Law Student and a Certified Mediator/Conciliator in Nigeria. He is also a Developer with knowledge in HTML, CSS, JS, PHP and React Native. Samuel is bent on changing the legal profession by building Web and Mobile Apps that will make legal research a lot easier.