Differences Between Research Methodology and Research Methods: In the subject of research, two essential words are research methodology and research techniques. While they are both connected to the research process, they have distinct meanings. The general strategy or framework that governs the research process is referred to as research methodology.
It covers the theoretical viewpoint or paradigm that drives the study, the research design, data collecting and analysis methodologies, and any ethical issues that must be considered. In other words, research technique is the strategy that researchers use to attain their study goals. Research methods, on the other hand, relate to the particular strategies or instruments employed to gather and analyze data. Surveys, experiments, interviews, case studies, content analysis, and other methodologies might be quantitative or qualitative in character.
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Differences Between Research Methodology and Research Methods
1. Definition: Research technique and methodology are commonly confused. Research method refers to data collection and analysis methods. These strategies emphasize data collection and analysis. Surveys, questionnaires, and interviews are research tools. Instead, methodology refers to the research process’s general strategy and theoretical foundation.
Methodology involves establishing and justifying the research issue, choosing acceptable methodologies, and evaluating and deriving conclusions from data.
2. Scope: Research methods vary in scope. Research methodology is a study’s strategy, plan, and theoretical framework, whereas research method is its data collection, analysis, and interpretation methods. study technique includes study design, goals, questions, data collecting and analysis methodologies, ethical issues, and the research framework.
It addresses the overall research strategy and how various research methodologies might be employed coherently and meaningfully to attain research goals. However, research methods concentrate on the procedures and instruments used to gather, analyze, and interpret data. Surveys, interviews, experiments, observations, case studies, content analysis, and statistical analysis are examples.
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3. Purpose: Different research objectives call for different approaches and methodologies. Methods of research include questionnaires, controlled experiments, case studies, and in-person interviews. These methods collect data in order to provide answers to research questions or validate hypotheses. The research approach is decided based on the study problem, the data kind, and the resources.
On the other side, methodology may be thought of as the blueprint for research. It entails making assumptions based on theory and philosophy, designing an experiment, collecting and analyzing data, and interpreting and presenting the outcomes of the experiment. Researchers rely on methodology because it directs their work and guarantees that it is accurate, thorough, and systematic. Research is organized using methodology, whereas data collection is done using technique.
4. Flexibility: Research technique and methodology are sometimes used interchangeably but relate to various parts of the research process. Flexibility distinguishes research technique from methodology. Research methodologies are usually strict and methodical. A researcher may use a survey questionnaire to acquire data from a sample. Participants will get the same survey questions. Methodology is more versatile.
Within a technique like qualitative or quantitative research, a researcher may customize and be flexible. Qualitative researchers may utilize interviews, focus groups, or observations depending on the study issue and environment. Research quality and rigor might also depend on technique and approach adaptability.
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5. Emphasis: Research methods are the procedures and instruments used to gather and analyze data, whereas methodology is the overarching strategy or framework used to do research. Research technique differs in emphasis. Methodology frequently focuses on study design, philosophy, and theory. It covers ethics, epistemology, ontology, and data analysis. Research techniques emphasize data collecting and analysis.
Researchers utilize them to collect data and develop findings. Surveys, interviews, experiments, case studies, and observations are research methodologies. The discipline, research issue, and researcher’s viewpoint affect technique or research methods. In a quantitative study, methodology is more significant than research techniques, whereas in a qualitative study, research methods are more crucial.
6. Period: Their operating period differs. Research methods include data collection and analysis procedures. The research process, which starts with data collecting and finishes with data analysis, uses several methods and instruments. Thus, research methodologies are short-term and concentrate on data collection and interpretation. Methodology is the research process’s theoretical and philosophical basis.
Methodology addresses long-term research topics including ethics, epistemology, ontology, and data analysis. It establishes the research question and methodologies. Methodology, which covers the full research process from question development through interpretation, takes longer than research methodologies.
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7. Detail: The amount of specificity that is involved in either the research technique or the research methodology is one of the most important distinctions between the two. Research methods are more concerned with the particular techniques and processes that are used to gather data, while research methodology is more concerned with the entire approach to research, including the theoretical foundations and ethical issues.
Research methods are more focused on the specific techniques and procedures that are used to collect data. To put it another way, research methodology offers a more comprehensive framework for study in comparison to research methodologies.
8. Level of Abstraction: There are a variety of approaches to research methodology and technique. The research process is directed by the methodology, whilst the actual processes used to collect data are referred to as procedures. Methodology is considered to be more cerebral and abstract. It serves as the foundation for the theoretical framework, the research design, and the data analysis methodologies.
Research methods are more specific, while methodology is more generic. It discusses the research approach as well as the ways in which the many components of the process work together to provide an answer to a question.
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9. The Researcher’s Perspective: The researcher’s viewpoint distinguishes research technique from methodology. A researcher employs methods to obtain data, while methodology guides their choices and actions throughout the study process. Research methods focus on data gathering and tool selection from the researcher’s viewpoint.
The study objective, population, amount of data collecting control, and data type determine the approach. Methodology guides the researcher’s study topic, design, data gathering, and analysis. Methodology considers the researcher’s standpoint. A researcher’s own values may impact their theoretical framework or study strategy. Methodology helps researchers recognize and minimize their biases and preconceptions. methodology directs research. It ensures thorough and methodical research by examining the theoretical and philosophical foundations of the topic.
10. Application: The application of research methodologies and methodology varies as well. Research methods are specialized instruments or procedures for gathering data. They are often used in a highly practical manner, with the researcher collecting and analyzing data in a step-by-step approach.
Methodology, on the other hand, is a theoretical framework that governs the whole research process, from the original research topic through the interpretation of findings. It is utilized to give a conceptual framework for the research project and to aid the researcher in decision-making about data collection and analysis.
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Finally, The terms “research method” and “research methodology” refer to two distinct yet intertwined concepts that are applicable to the field of research. Research methodology refers to the overall approach or framework that regulates the process of doing research, while research method or techniques relate to the particular processes or instruments that are used to obtain and analyze data. While both are necessary in order to do research, it is essential to have a solid understanding of the differences between the two in order to ensure that the investigation is both comprehensive and accurate.
Edeh Samuel Chukwuemeka ACMC, is a Law Student and a Certified Mediator/Conciliator in Nigeria. He is also a Developer with knowledge in HTML, CSS, JS, PHP and React Native. Samuel is bent on changing the legal profession by building Web and Mobile Apps that will make legal research a lot easier.