It has often been said that every rights has a corresponding duty or obligation attached to it. In light of that, there are certain duties and obligations of Nigerian citizens, which must be performed for them to enjoy the rights provided in the constitution of Nigeria. Some of these duties are provided for in chapter two of the 1999 constitution. Section 24 particularly highlighted majority of these duties and we shall briefly examine them in the article.
As a citizen of this great nation, Nigeria, it is strongly advised that you read this work carefully as it contains some duties which most Nigerians have probably forgotten. In fact, some of the duties duties explained in this work were beyond Section 24 of the constitution of 1999 and that is why you should read till the end.
Duties and obligations of Nigerian citizens
Below are the duties and obligations of Nigerian citizens
1. Loyalty to the state
The Law of any state confers a duty on every citizen to be loyal to his state. Loyalty to ones state means that every citizen shall be truthful and faithful not only to the leaders but to the interest of the nation. Loyalty entails that every citizen shall work toward the development and progress of the society.
It also means that the citizens shall obey the laws of the land. Every citizen in a state who is up to age and who is employed should pay taxes and rates as and when due.
Taxes and rates paid by citizens are used for the provision of social amenities in the state. Citizens are bound to pay taxes, rates and government bills for the maintenance of social amenities of the state. It is through taxes and rates that public servants are paid.
2. Military services
It is the duty of every citizen to defend his country against the enemy or enemies. Every Nigerian citizen is therefore bound to perform military service for the defense of the country against enemy attack whenever he is called to do so.
If citizens do not fight in defense of their country they would have no place to rest their heads; they would be subjects of the victorious country.
3. Voting in an election
It is a duty incumbent upon citizens to vote in any election for the selection of qualified leaders of the state. Every qualified citizen irrespective of his religious affiliation is expected to vote in an election.
Without voting there would be no election and qualified popular candidate would not elected. The result is that the unpopular candidate would lead the nation either to heaven or to hell.
Also see: Major Sources of Nigerian Constitution
4. Reporting criminals, undesirable element, cultists and corrupt individuals
Most Nigerians have the ideology that the government is responsible for fighting corruption in Nigeria but that is not totally correct. Every law abiding citizen of Nigeria is legally expected to perform the duty of reporting undesirable elements, cultists and corrupt individuals in the society to law enforcement agencies. It is only in reporting such individuals to the law enforcement agents for investigation and prosecution that such ills in the society could be minimized.
“In law, a man is guilty when he violates the rights of others. In ethics, he is guilty if he only thinks of doing so” – Immanuel Kent. If a citizen understands that the criminal act unleashed on another citizen by a criminal could also affect him, he would without fear or hindrance report the criminal to the law enforcement agents.
Reporting cultists and corrupt individuals either directly or indirectly to the law enforcement agents minimizes the level of crime and;immorality in the society. Every citizen must endeavor to perform this duty regularly because criminals; cultists and corrupt individuals are enemies of the society.
Also see: Why lawyers put on wigs even till today
5. Respect for national flag, National Anthem
The national flag of any nation is a banner by which the nation is known. It articulates information concerning the nation’s struggle and development. It is therefore a mark of national identity.
Every citizen is expected to have respect for National national flag. Citizens should stand at attention whenever the flag is raised for a ceremony as a mark of honour and respect for nation. The respect accorded to the national flag are part of discipline every citizen owes to his country. Without such respect, there would be no regards for the country.
The national anthem is a song that rekindles The society’s past victories and challenges. Every citizen is required to stand at attention whenever it is sang. The citizens should also memorise The national anthem and should be ready to sing it in any occasion he is required to do so.
Nigerians are required to be familiar with the words of national anthem and try to keep the glorious of the past and face the challenges of the present. Without respect for the national anthem, the citizens would have no pride and no dignity to protect.
6. Respect for Head of state, Chief Executive, Elders, Seniors and Judges
The head of state is the chief executive in Nigeria. He is therefore the representative of Nigerian anywhere in the world. In fact he is Nigeria. Therefore, he who respect the head of state respects Nigeria. Whenever a citizen respects the head of states, it is not the individual that is respected but the office.
However, the head of state should also respect his office and perform the basic functions of government to the people. It has rightly been said that respect is a reciprocal action. Therefore a respected head of state must perform his duties too.
In the same manner the citizens should respect their elders so that ‘ their days may be long ‘. Elders are older in age and it is God that made it so, not man. If one respect his elder, the ones younger to him would also respect him.
Such respect is also necessary for order at homes and everywhere. Seniors are those who are higher than you in the offices. They could be so due to their years of service, education honour or hard work. It is necessary that the juniors respect them so that order could exist. A junior who respect his seniors is at the same time creating leeway for his rise to higher ranks.
The workers, subject, litigants and solicitors should respect the executives, chiefs in various towns and Judges as the case may be. The chief executive is the head of any establishment. The respect accorded to him is not to him in person but to the office.
Therefore, respect to him is respect to his establishment and the authority that fixed him there. The judges and magistrates who preside over cases in courts are also accorded respects by lawyers, litigants and other citizens for their office and the functions they perform for the state.
Such respect are necessary for them to adequately perfume their function. Chiefs of towns in various states of federation also need to be respected for it is God who ordained them and not man. The chiefs, sultans, Emirs, Alafinals, Obas etc are duty bound to conduct the affairs of their chiefdom, emirate or town without rancor.
Respect for the chiefs, it is said, is respect for he who made the chiefs and not for the man who wears the crown. Subjects of every chiefdom should respect the authority of the chief. Such respect for the chief is respect for the town too.
7. Care for Public Property
Public property is the property of every citizen. The impact of colonial rule and the tendency of regarding government property as no man’s property have made citizens disregard government property.
Every citizen of Nigeria has a duty to protect and care for government property. Once public property are neglected and treated as no man’s property the state will not have anything to show for the welfare of the citizen. The up keep of government properties by the citizens helps in alleviating poverty and in improving the standard of living.
In conclusion the rights of individuals must be respected and protected in order to make the society worth living. The individuals must also perform their obligations to the state in order to make the state governable.
Edeh Samuel Chukwuemeka ACMC, is a Law Student and a Certified Mediator/Conciliator in Nigeria. He is also a Developer with knowledge in HTML, CSS, JS, PHP and React Native. Samuel is bent on changing the legal profession by building Web and Mobile Apps that will make legal research a lot easier.