Problems of the US education system: The United States Educational system follows a similar pattern to other Western States in offering primary, secondary, and tertiary education provided by either public, private or house schools in the United States of America. The United States Educational system is regarded as one of the best educational systems in the world as it parades of World Class Learning institutions, Education preposition, Program structure, and Research programs.
However, while no educational system is perfect, that of the United States is not an exception as there are some problems inherent in the U.S educational system. This Article examines these problems in the U.S education system and proffers solution to them.
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Problems of the US Educational System
1. Inequality in the Educational system: The United States Educational system is marred by inequality. As a matter of fact, the United States Educational system is one of the most unequal systems in the industrialized world, as students receive Learning opportunities based on their Social Status or Class.
Students with low Social status otherwise known as minority students are marginalized in terms of access to quality education, quality educational infrastructure, curriculum, resources, skilled teachers, opportunities, and allocation of funds.
2. Overcrowding: Schools in the United States are often overcrowded as a result of increase in population of students, shortage of teachers, and decrease in funding.
According to a study by the National Center for Education statistics, 14% of U.S schools exceed capacity. This therefore makes learning difficult for students and tougher for the teachers to carry students along and properly impact knowledge.
3. Decline in school funding: On an average, 47% of School revenue comes from State funds, 43% from Local Government, while the remaining 10% comes from the federal Government. Over the years, there has been a cut in funding by the State thereby resulting in deficit in school funding in the United States of America.
According to a study released by The Century Foundation (TCF) in 2020, the United States is underfunding its K-12 Public schools by nearly $150 billion annually, robbing more than 30 million school children of the resources they need to succeed in the Classroom.
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4. Inequitable funding of Public Schools: While there has been a decline in the funding of schools in the United States of America, there is no equitable circulation of the little funds available to schools; as funds are given based on your school zone.
Thus, schools in poor neighborhood are often neglected and not given a quality standard of education in comparison to schools in rich cities and neighborhood.
5. Violence in School: According to the National Center for Education Statistics, over 20% of students in grades 6 – 12 have been bullied either in school or on their way to and fro from school. This problem of bullying tends to make bullied students experience a wide range of physical, behavioral, and emotional problems which may affect their education.
6. Nepotism: Nepotism is another major problem in the United States Educational system, particularly in Tertiary institutions. By way of definition, Nepotism is the act of favouring people, friends, family or relatives by giving them admission into the school or a staff appointment.
According to a study conducted by Students for Fair Admission (SFFA), 45% of White students admitted in Harvard were legacy students, children of staff, or were on the Dean’s interest list- meaning that their parents or relatives must have donated to Harvard.
While there are numerous cases of Nepotism in staff appointment too, one that might be of interest is the 2016 scandal at the University of California which forced its Chancellor Linda Katechi to resign amidst allegations of Nepotism.
Solutions To the Problem Of US Educational System
1. Equal Educational opportunity should be provided to all educational institutions and students irrespective of Race, gender, and Social class.
2. The State and appropriate Government authorities should make funding their priority. As it stands, some States in USA spend more to house an average inmate than it does to educate the average elementary and secondary school student in USA.
Thus, the problem of poor funding of schools lies on the State, and it can be only solved by them if they choose to set their priority right by making Education a top priority in the state, and pumping in funds in the Educational system in order to improve the standard of Education.
3. Policy makers should implement policies to ban Overcrowding in schools, and reduce the number of students in the Classroom as this issue of overcrowding has affected the Educational system in the United States of America so much.
Overcrowding results in Students not getting the attention they need; teachers and students feeling increased stress, and students losing interest and often drop out of school.
4. Efforts should be tailored towards building more schools, infrastructure, and innovation in existing schools. In addition to these, the Government should increase the funding of teachers particularly in low income areas because most teachers choose to work in affluent areas because of the pay, thereby leaving low income areas depleted and in poor learning conditions.
Teachers funding in low income areas may be increased by the State implementing a progressive tax system on the wealthy people in the State; aimed at generating more revenue to pay teachers well.
5. Parents should get more involved and support their Children throughout their schooling process.
6. There should be more accountability in the U.S educational system, and admission of students into the school system should be based solely on merit as opposed to nepotism or corruption currently witnessed in some US schools today.
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Conclusively, I trust the implementation of these aforementioned solutions will go a long way in combating the problems in the United States Educational system.