Art and Science, Which is Better: The argument as to whether science is better than arts or not is one that has never been concluded even till today. While some scholars believes and supports the motion that science is the foundation of human existence and thus, it is better than art, some scholars disagrees with it. In this article we will be taking a holistic view of both side to draw a conclusion. I therefore encourage you to read carefully as I take you through this interesting topic.
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Table of Content
Meaning is Science?
Science can be defined as any mode of knowledge that deals with the physical realm and its phenomena and involves impartial observations and well-regulated experimentation. In general, science is the quest for information concerning universal facts or the operations of basic laws.
The process of gaining this new knowledge entails several well-planned, sequential phases, which include:
a. Observation with objectivity: Data and measurement
c. Experimentation and/or observation as standards for testing hypotheses
d. Induction: the process of deducing underlying principles or conclusions from facts or cases.
f. Critical review
g. Verification and testing: crucial inspection, peer review, and evaluation
Based on the field of study, science can be classified into many divisions. Astronomy, physics, chemistry, logic, mathematics, and Earth sciences are all part of the physical sciences, which investigate the inorganic universe. Biology and medicine are biological sciences that investigate the organic nature of life and its activities.
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Meaning of Arts
The arts encompass a vast spectrum of human creative expression, storytelling, and cultural engagement activities. They cover a wide spectrum of media and many varied and poly forms of thinking, doing, and being. They have evolved into creative, stylized, and sometimes complex forms, and are both highly dynamic and a generally consistent part of human life. Within a specific tradition, over generations, and even throughout civilizations, this is frequently accomplished by persistent and purposeful study, training, and/or theory.
Human beings use arts to create distinct social, cultural, and individual identities while also transferring values, perceptions, judgements, ideas, visions, spiritual meanings, life patterns, and experiences across time and place. Architecture, visual arts (such as ceramics, drawing, filmmaking, painting, photography, and sculpting), literary arts (such as fiction, drama, poetry, and prose), performing arts (such as dance, music, and theatre), textiles and fashion, folk art and handicraft, oral storytelling, conceptual and installation art, criticism, and culinary arts are all notable examples of the arts (including cooking, chocolate making and winemaking). They can create items, perform acts, transmit ideas and experiences, and create new settings and locations using talent and creativity.
Art and Science, Which is Better
Science vs Art, and which one outwits the other, is an age-old argument. If science is concerned with facts, art is concerned with fantasy and disputes. Arts is about seeking inside, whereas Science explores the world and beyond. In a practical sense, art is a form of expression. Art is frequently done in the abstract to either make sense of our world or to produce a representation of the consciousness of an artist. Science, on the other hand, is the study of the world around us to discover universal, irrefutable facts and get a better understanding of reality.
Science courses have always had higher importance and value in our pragmatic and materialistic culture. Science courses are seen to be able to provide a higher quality of living than art courses, contrary to a widespread perception that arts subjects are incapable of providing a good life. This is reflected in how parents and educational systems approach science education.
However, to determine which one is better than the other we have to look at each concept objectively.
Reasons why Science is Better than Art
1. In comparison to the arts, science has the power to enhance our lives statistically. For example, over the years, advances in medical research have saved countless lives and improved our standard of living. In reality, global average life expectancy has gradually grown over time, particularly in industrialized countries with access to modern medical advances.
Albeit with their terrible diet, the United States has an average life expectancy of 80 years. The value of the arts to the world, on the other hand, is more difficult to define in such terms. Their value can only be assessed on a qualitative level, particularly in the case of visual arts such as painting.
2. Science can assist us in better comprehending the world’s mysteries. Science has traditionally been associated with concrete facts that allow for reasonable reasoning and analysis of what is happening in the world.
Science may assist individuals in comprehending life’s processes. Indeed, science has advanced to the point that it has stretched beyond space, allowing humans to dream beyond the confines of the earth’s physical realm. It can also satisfy people’s insatiable curiosity for the unknown.
3. Science provides a structure for rational thought and sound reasoning, which is vital for humanity’s survival and economic progress through innovation. This is particularly important in fields like engineering, medicine, and even the food and scientific sectors.
To achieve ongoing progress in these areas and enhance our lives, innovation is required. For example, we need engineering innovation to discover a more efficient way to refine our oil, among other things. Medical innovation is required to heal the plethora of ailments that afflict our society today, especially as epidemics continue to erupt.
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Reasons why Art is better than Science
1. Arts contribute to a better society, especially since they focus on the complex nature of human connections. It allows us to better comprehend life’s complexity and improve our interpersonal abilities. Arts provide the soft skills required to engage with others, giving one a competitive advantage in the workplace. With the world becoming increasingly competitive, getting ahead with only a great understanding of hard facts and specialized expertise is almost impossible.
2. Arts allow us to see events from a variety of perspectives, which aids our critical and analytical thinking. Science tends to describe facts in black-and-white terms that aren’t always entirely accurate of the reality we live in. If everything is portrayed as facts vs. non-facts, science attempts to oversimplify everything in life.
3. Our civilisation is shaped by the arts, which allow us to learn about our past and identity. In our globalized world, when national identity is rapidly disappearing, a sense of identity is becoming increasingly vital. Certain structures and landmarks can shape humanity’s experience through inspiring imagination that improves and strengthens society. They have the potential to rekindle societal memories.
Benefits of Studying Science
1. Science education provides students with valuable skills that make them employable.
2. Professional fields such as engineering and medicine are available to students.
3. A strong science foundation can aid a student in passing competitive tests such as banking, civil service, and MBA admission exams.
4. A student will have an edge in discovering and inventing items that will benefit society as a whole.
5. Biology teaches us how living things operate, Physics enlightens us on the workings of the world, and Chemistry assists us in understanding diverse chemical processes and how they may be used.
Benefits of Studying Arts
1. A student’s ability to analyse and express themselves is enhanced by studying the arts or humanities.
2. Though studying the arts does not immediately prepare you for employment, it does prepare you for occupations that need strong communication skills, logical reasoning, and analytical abilities in the future.
3. Many businesses prefer employees with a Humanities education because they can work independently and critically, and they are also masters at gathering data and writing effectively and logically.
4. The number of disciplines that a student might study in the Humanities stream is enormous. Geography, philosophy, history, sociology, and political science are just a few of the subjects that give up a wide range of employment possibilities.
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After closely examining both notions, it is clear that art and science are two sides of the same coin: the quest for knowledge of reality in a perplexing world. Science and engineering, when done well, improve society’s objective understanding and riches, while art and performance improve society’s subjective understanding and prosperity.
Edeh Samuel Chukwuemeka ACMC, is a Law Student and a Certified Mediator/Conciliator in Nigeria. He is also a Developer with knowledge in HTML, CSS, JS, PHP and React Native. Samuel is bent on changing the legal profession by building Web and Mobile Apps that will make legal research a lot easier.