Countries With The Fastest-Growing Population: Around 5.25 billion people were occupying the world at the time of the first World Population Day. We currently number 7.7 billion, and by 2030, 8.5 billion people are anticipated to inhabit the world. The population is expected to exceed 11 billion by the year 2100, more than doubling from the first World Population Day thirty years ago.
Although the world’s three most populated nations– China, India, and the United States – are expected to remain among the most populous, their growth rates are not among the fastest. This distinction, according to Statista data, goes to some African and Asian nations, where population growth has soared in recent years.
Because of an increased life expectancy, reduced mortality, and high fertility rates linked to a mostly youthful and booming population, the rapid population expansion is predicted to continue through 2050. On that note, this article looks at the countries with the fastest-growing population.
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Top 10 Countries With The Fastest-Growing Population In The World
Projected population growth 2018-2030: 53.2%
Population 2018 22.2 million
Projected population in 2030: 34.0 million
10-year population change through (2007-2017): 46.4%
The natural population growth rate for this west African country is 3.8%, the highest in the world, with 48 births and 10 deaths per 1,000 people-year. By 2050, the population is predicted to increase by 184.23%, from 22.2 million to 63.1 million, owing to the fact that as of 2018, 50% of the population was under the age of 15 and the fertility rate was 7.2.
Niger’s per capita GDP PPP of $990 is still among the lowest in the world as of 2018, despite the country having large oil reserves and ambitions to use gold, coal, and other resources to sustain growth.
Projected population growth 2018-2030: 49.3%
Population 2018 30.4 million.
Projected population in 2030: 45.4 million
10-year population change through (2007-2017): 41.8%.
Angola, the second-largest oil producer in sub-Saharan Africa, has a great potential for economic growth and a wealth of natural resources but hasn’t been able to realize either due to the upheaval of a nearly three-decade-long civil conflict. Of the 30.4 million people living there as of 2018, 48% were under the age of 15, and only 2% were above 65. The population of the country in southern Africa is expected to increase by a frightening 170% over present levels by 2050 due to a high birth rate.
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3. Democratic Republic of Congo
Projected population growth 2018-2030: 47.4%
Population 2018 84.3 million
Projected population in 2030: 124.3 million
10-year population change through (2007-2017): 39.2%
With an estimated 84.3 million people as of 2018, this Central African nation is dealing with numerous issues. The nation experienced a measles epidemic, with more than 87,000 probable cases registered, while the per capita GDP PPP was a pitiful $808.13. Nevertheless, it has been forecasted that by 2030, the population, which was less than 60 million in 2007, is expected to increase to 124.3 million.
Projected population growth 2018-2030: 45.8%
Population 2018 11.8 million
Projected population in 2030: 17.2 million
10-year population change through (2007-2017): 36.8%
In addition to being one of the 20 countries with the highest population growth, the small East African nation has the lowest per capita GNP PPP at just $668.48. With a land area of less than 28,000 square kilometres, the Republic of Burundi is the tenth smallest nation on the continent.
With more than 1,000 inhabitants per square mile at the present, it is also one of the most densely populated countries in Africa. By 2050, there would be 30.4 million people living inside Burundi’s boundaries after a population growth of 45.8% by 2030 and more than 157% by 2050.
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5. Syrian Arab Republic
Projected population growth 2018-2030: 45.4%
Population 2018 18.3 million
Projected population in 2030: 26.6 million
10-year population change through (2007-2017): -6.9%
The continuous impacts of the civil conflict that has been waging there since 2011 have led to a decrease in population in the Syrian Arab Republic, more commonly known as Syria, in recent years.
In 2018, an estimated 11 million Syrians were displaced, leading to a refugee catastrophe in addition to war-related fatalities. Despite this, the Middle Eastern country’s population is anticipated to nearly double, to 34 million, by 2050, owing to a low infant mortality rate of 17 and a high life expectancy among women, at 77 years old.
Projected population growth 2018-2030: 44.2%
Population 2018 15.4 million
Projected population in 2030: 22.2 million
10-year population change through (2007-2017): 38.3%
Chad’s population increased from 3 million to 15.4 million people between 1960 and 2018. The average lifespan has increased from a mere 38 years in 1960 to 52 years for men and 54 years for women as of 2016.
Even still, it falls far short of the 72 years that the world averaged in 2016. The Central African nation’s population is projected to be more than double by 2050, yet even then, the percentage of people over the age of 65 is estimated to be only 3%.
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Projected population growth 2018-2030: 41.8%
Population 2018 19.4 million
Projected population in 2030: 27.5 million
10-year population change through (2007-2017): 35.6%
Mali, Angola, and Chad are tied for the second-highest birth rate on Earth, each having 45 births per 1,000 people each year. The population of the country in West Africa has increased by more than a third over the last ten years, and by 2030, that growth rate is predicted to reach more than 40%.
Projected population growth 2018-2030: 41.6%
Population 2018 59.1 million
Projected population in 2030: 83.7 million
10-year population change through (2007-2017): 36.7%.
Between Kenya and Mozambique, Tanzania borders the Indian Ocean. More than twice the size of California, its population is dispersed over this area. With over two-thirds of the population under 25, it is expected that the birth rate will continue to be high for some time to come and that it may even contribute to the population growth of around 42% which is anticipated.
Migrants and refugees are also part of Tanzania’s expanding population. The country has seen political stability and is home to two of Africa’s top tourist destinations, including national parks like the Serengeti and Africa’s tallest mountain, Kilimanjaro.
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Projected population growth 2018-2030: 39.7%
Population 2018 44.1 million
Projected population in 2030: 61.6 million
10-year population change through (2007-2017): 40.1%
Given that the population of this country in eastern Africa is projected to increase by about 40% by 2050 to reach 95.6 million, the nation may be confronted with a different kind of disaster. Due to a lack of family planning, the population is on the rise, and the government is concerned about the strain on resources and the growing urbanization. A mere 3% of Ugandans were over 65 as of 2018, while nearly half of the population was under the age of 15. By 2050, only 1% more people in Uganda are anticipated to be over 65.
Projected population growth 2018-2030: 37.0%
Population 2018 11.9 million
Projected population in 2030: 16.3 million
10-year population change through (2007-2017): 26.0%
A high birth rate – 39 births per 1,000 people as opposed to 18.7 for the global average – and an extended life expectancy are two variables that have contributed to Guinea’s explosive population increase.
Life expectancy at birth in the West African country was less than 35 years in 1960; by 2017, it had increased to 58 years for males and 61 years for women.
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The total number of humans living on Earth today, or the global population, is estimated to be over 7 billion. Although this article has focused on the countries with the fastest-growing populations, it is crucial to note that growing populations can put a strain on several facets of society. Furthermore, it has the potential to increase pressure on the land and natural resources.
Edeh Samuel Chukwuemeka ACMC, is a Law Student and a Certified Mediator/Conciliator in Nigeria. He is also a Developer with knowledge in HTML, CSS, JS, PHP and React Native. Samuel is bent on changing the legal profession by building Web and Mobile Apps that will make legal research a lot easier.