Oldest cities In The World: There is a story behind everything in the world, most of all, cities of the world. Cities have one of the oldest stories, this is because thousands of people and activities has happened in those locations, and some of these people had left their footprints in the cities sands of time by doing remarkable activities and functions. Now include ancient cities in this, ancient cities has lots of stories as it has engulfed many cultural heritage and has a lot to share to the world.
In these ancient cities, there are to be found, beautiful architecture, intriguing history that showcases the imprints of evolving human civilizations which help the natives and the world tell their stories. Many ancient cities of the world has broken the odds of civilization to stand the test of time, which of course is asides human invasion and geographical calamities. Some of these cities that has stood the test of time, stands to reveal more than just the scars of history. They go further to show the world the positive impact and the negative impact of human civilization.
The oldest cities in the world are not one without beautiful architectures as it is one of the things that makes up these cities. They have beautiful architecture and amazing stories, however, just a few of these ancient cities are still standing today. As a result of this, we will be looking at 10 oldest cities in the world today.
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Top 12 Oldest Cities In The World (With Pictures)
Some of these cities are discovered through archeological ruin discovery, and when discovered, there may be arguments about the historical record of each city but regardless of these arguments and contentions, all these ancient cities have significant cultural value. The 10 oldest cities in the world are:
1. Damascus, Syria: Damascus is the oldest capital in the world and it is the capital of Syria, making it the oldest in the world, it is also the fourth holiest city in Islam religion. The city is also named the capital of Arab culture. As the oldest city in the world, it has seen, many cities and civilizations come and go and many rise and fall. According to historical evidence and research studies, the first time Damascus was inhabited was around the second half of the seventh millennia B.C.
As the oldest city and the most continuously inhabited city in the world, it is also the Arabian most prominent cultural center all around the world. The city of Damascus has existed for up to 11,000 years and is today a developed metropolitan area with a population of more than two million and in 2008 was named the Arab capital of culture.
2. Aleppo, Syria: Owing to Aleppo’s geographical location, it was an important trading center in the ancient times, the city is located between the Mediterranean Sea and Mesopotamia. However, because of the war between the rebel forces and government which killed thousands of people, lots of people had to flee from the city and since 2012, the city of Aleppo has been facing devastation.
This city Aleppo has existed for more than 8,000 years, and since its existence, it has been continuously inhabited by citizens and non-citizens. It serves as the capital of Aleppo Governorate. Regardless of the historical fact of the city dating back to 8,000 years ago, there are scientific facts which proves that the remnants of human settlements has been found in the land and they all dates back to 11,000 B.C.
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3. Byblos, Lebanon: The city of Byblos is located at about 42 Kilometer north Of Beirut. This is the largest city and the oldest one at that in Mount Lebanon Governorate, Lebanon. The city has been continuously inhabited from 5000 B.C. however, it was first occupied between 8800 and 7000 B.C. by humans.
According to the UNESCO World Heritage Site, it was believed that the first historical import of Papyrus in Greece took place in the city of Byblos. The city is also renowned for its archaeological wonder this is because of its successive layers of debris which is as a result of centuries of human habitation.
4. Argos, Greece: This is a city in Argolis, (the Peloponnese) Greece. It is one of the oldest city in the world and the oldest most continuously inhabited cities in the world. Research has shown that the city has remained neutral throughout its history, not known and did not participate in the Greco-Persian Wars.
Argos has a population of about 22,000 residents in the present day also another advantage and built to this city is that it is the home of many numerous ancient monuments. Greco-Persian Wars. Argos hosts around 22,000 residents today and numerous ancient monuments can be found here. The city has been said to be 7,000 years old.
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5. Athens, Greece: The largest city and the capital of Greece is Athens, the city overshadows the Attica region with the early human existence which came into existence around the 11th and 7th millennium BC. It is popularly known worldwide as the ancestry home of philosophy and the origin of western civilization.
The philosophers dates back to the days of Plato, Aristotle, and Socrates. This city was faced with complete destruction as a result of the Persian and Dorian invasion and it has withstood the test of time because of this. The city of Athens is up to 7,000 years old.
6. Susa, Iran: The Susa Orwas is one of the oldest city in the world located in Proto-Elamite and it is one of the most the important cites in Ancient East. The city is located in the Tigris River and has existed for about 6,300 years and this has made it one of the ancient cities in the world that is the most important, it also one of the homes of early civilization.
It is historically believed and at some point, the city was completely destroyed by Assyrians but it was immediately rebuilt leading it to seeing the glorious days of the Persia Empire.
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7. Erbil, Iraqi Kurdistan: The city of Erbil has existed and inhabited for more than a millennial by so many cultures like the Romans, Greeks, Persians, Ottoman Turks and Mongols. The city has existed for about 6,000 years and has a city center which rests in the Hawler Castle, also known as the Erbil Citadel.
This building is an ancient building that dates back to 2,000 BC. The citadel is an artificial mound and a historical city in Erbil. Erbil is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, known for its modern malls, and ancient sites.
8. Sidon, Lebanon: The city of Sidon has existed for up to 6,000 years and the most important Phoenician city. Its important is because of the cities location in the port on the Mediterranean.
The ancient city of Sidon is the third largest city in Lebanon which is located in the South Governorate. This city is popular and rich because of its glass production therefore making the city a progressive city.
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9. Plovdiv, Bulgaria: The city of Plovdiv is 6,000 years old and the second largest city in Bulgaria, with a history that spans across more than six millenniums, putting it in the position of one of the oldest cities in Europe.
The results of excavation proves that the city has existed and has been inhabited by people on the Nebet Tepe Hill since 4,000 BC. In the present day, Plovdiv is the second biggest city in Bulgaria and an upcoming tourist hub.
10. Varanasi, India: This is the oldest city in India and the birthplace of the world’s oldest religion (Hinduism). The city is located on the banks of the of river Ganges in the Uttar Pradesh North of India, it is also known as Benares, or Kashi, the city is 5,000 years old and dates back to the 11th century BC.
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11. Cádiz, Spain: Cadiz is a city and also a port in southwestern Spain. It remains the capital of the Province of Cádiz, which is one of eight that sum up the autonomous community of Andalusia. Cádiz is one of the oldest cities that is continuously inhabited in Western Europe. The city has archaeological remains that dates back to the 12th century BC. It is recorded to have been founded by the Phoenicians. Cadiz is still the site where the University of Cádiz is situated.
The city of Cádiz is one of the oldest cities in the world with a well-preserved historical landmarks. Retaining it’s position as one of the oldest cities in the world, it is characterized and decorated by the antiquity of its various quarters (barrios). Some of them includes the El Pópulo, La Viña, as well as the Santa María presenting a more visible contrast to the new towns.
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12. Ancient City of Jericho: The city of Jericho is a Palestinian city in the West Bank located in the Jordan Valley. It is a well known city with lots of history surrounding it. While the city is positioned at the Jordan valley and the Jordan River to the east while Jerusalem is sited at the west, it remains the administrative seat of the Jericho Governorate of the State of Palestine which is governed by the Palestinian National Authority.
Jericho has a population of about 18, 346. Aside from the biblical history associated with the city of Jericho, it is opined to be the oldest city in the world. With it’s remarkable walls built for protection of the city, it dates back to thousands of years and described by the bible as the city of palm trees.
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In conclusion, we have been able to understand that there are quite a number of cities that are ancient and has been in existence for a very long time. Some of them may not be famous, however, lots of them are and worth visiting.
Edeh Samuel Chukwuemeka ACMC, is a Law Student and a Certified Mediator/Conciliator in Nigeria. He is also a Developer with knowledge in HTML, CSS, JS, PHP and React Native. Samuel is bent on changing the legal profession by building Web and Mobile Apps that will make legal research a lot easier.