Salary of programmers in Nigeria 2021: A computer programmer, otherwise called software developer, a programmer or coder, is a person who creates computer software, writes codes for computer programs and mobile application, debug and trouble shoot system software to ensure that the system is running smoothly and efficiently.
Programmers, otherwise known as software engineers or system programmers are tasked with designing and creating software programs, integrating systems, training end users, analyzing algorithm, modifying source code, writing system instructions, debugging and maintaining operating systems. They are usually employed by software companies, which could be governmental or private sector companies.
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A good programmer must possess the following skills:
a. Superior coding skills: a good programmer should possess a higher than average coding skills in order to compete in the programming industry.
b. A good programmer should be able to communicate excellently and have good communication skills.
c. Problem solving: A good programmer should be good at solving problems through critical thinking and evaluation.
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Steps To Becoming An Employable Programmer
Earn a degree: A bachelor’s degree (usually four years), in programming enables students to diversify their skill by learning several programming languages.
Choose a focus: this stage is where specialization comes in, as Jack of all trade is indeed master of none. It is important to choose, whilst being an undergraduate what aspect of programming appeals to you, and lean towards their direction.
Continuous learning: Learning is a continuous process, and the programming industry keeps evolving. A programmer, who intends to remain relevant, needs to stay abreast with the latest innovation in the programming world, get back to class and if need be, get additional training to be well certified enough to build competency in the market. It is also important to advance in degree, take for example, obtaining a Bachelor and Master’s degree in programming, as it influences the salary and chances of employment.
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Duties/Responsibilities of Programmer
a. Coding and debugging operating systems
b. Troubleshooting system errors
c. Designing computer structures
d. Managing operating systems.
e. Providing tech support.
f. Collaborating with business developers to produce software designs
g. Transforming software designs and specifications into high functioning code in the appropriate language.
h. Collaborate with technical writers to create documentation for user support
i. Testing codes periodically to ensure they produce the desirable results and performing debugging when necessary.
j. Reviewing existing programs
k. Fixing defects on the operating system
l. Developing in-house software
m. Writing codes and manipulating it into a language that computers understand.
n. Work closely with information technology staff, managers and users in their organization to develop, maintain and test computer programs.
o. Respond to notification by users
p. Identify malfunctioning code
q. Rewrite programs
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Salary of programmers in Nigeria
The average programmer in Nigeria is paid very well. A Software engineer/Programmer’s salary per month ranges from 144,000 naira to 498,000 naira. This is so because programming is a career that is not widely engaged in, in Nigeria. The list would be made according to the top companies employing the services of a programmer.
In Andela, a software developer is paid 250,000 naira per month, In Appzone, they are paid 221,000 naira monthly, in Impetro technologies, a software developer is paid 2,000,000 naira per year, in Cyberspace network, software developers are paid 147,500 naira monthly, In Fintrak Software, they are paid 162,500 naira monthly, and in EHealth Africa, the monthly salary is 600,000 naira.
For more information about the actual salary of programmers in Nigeria, I encourage you to check out the YouTube video below. Trust me, you will love it!
Factors influencing the salary of a programmer
a. Experience: this is a very important criteria for programmers, as experience in the job, is extra credit and increases your chance of being employed. A computer programmer with less than two years experience might make around 164,000 naira per month, while one with higher experience would make higher. The payment of course increases as one gains more experience due to the number of years in the field. Take for example, a programmer with around two to five years’ experience is likely to earn 218,000 naira per month, with five to ten years, a salary of 323,000 naira per month, with fifteen to twenty years’ experience, a programmer is likely to be paid a salary of 429,000 naira per month, and lastly, a programmer with twenty years plus experience is likely to be paid 465,000 naira per month.
b. Education: the education level for programmers differs, and the higher you go on the ladder, the more likely it is for the salary to increase. The levels are, Certificate/ diploma, Bachelors degree and Masters degree.
For certificate holders in programming, the average salary is 187,000 naira per month. For programmer with a bachelors degree, they are paid a salary of 293, 000 naira per month, and for master’s degree holder, the average programmer is 491,000 naira per month.
To have a successful career in programming, it is always advisable to pursue higher education as the return is always worth it, not only does it influence the salary, but it also adds class and titles.
c. Gender: Gender has a way of determining the salary of a person in the programming field. Despite the fight of feminists and talks as to how everyone should be equal regardless of gender, the programming world in Nigeria points otherwise. Take for example, where a male programmer is paid 344,000 in naira, the female counterparts are paid 283,000 naira monthly. The implication of this is that male programmers earn more than female programmers with over twenty two percent.
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The Future of Programming in Nigeria
The salary of programmers is this high because the market is not very competitive, yet. It is expected that in the nearest future, the average salaries of programmers will reduce. It doesn’t remove the fact that a significant proportion of programmers will not still be paid well.
Take for example, the legal profession in Nigeria is highly competitive, and we have lawyers complaining about how low they are being paid, but it doesn’t remove the fact that there are lawyers still being paid well in the same profession. The trick is being progressive.
As programmers, it is imperative for you to specialize in areas that will likely be lucrative in the nearest future. Identify growing trends and specialize in it, as people skilled in these areas are usually few and the demand for them is high. High demand means more pay.
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The lucrative skills in programming today are:
HTML and CSS: These skills have been around for a while and are not likely to go down any time soon, If you can do a good job at writing HTML, it would be a good way to earn money.
Python: This has been around and still trending. Due to its flexibility and speed, it is expected that it becomes one of the fastest growing languages in the nearest future.
AI: Short form for artificial intelligence, it is the future of programming. For this, it is necessary that you learn Python, R, Lisp, Prolog, or Java.
Augmented Reality (AR): This area has been quite static for a while now, simce the touch screen revolution. AR is successfully navigating the move from Sci- Fi to reality. For AR, it is required you learn ARKit Framework with Swift or Objective C.